The gambling situation in India is complex, to say the least. India does not promote gambling and is prohibited more or less throughout the country. However, casinos do run in states of Goa and Sikkim and in the national territory of Daman and Diu.
In India, which is divided into 28 states, gambling is dealt with in the state legislature. This means that rules and regulations regarding gambling or left in the hands of each individual state rather than the country on the whole. The 1867 Gambling Act prohibits the running of a public gambling house in India, the penalty for breaking The Law being a fine of 200 rupees or up to 3 months of imprisonment. This act also prohibits people from visiting gambling houses, the penalty for which is a fine of 100 rupees or up to one month of imprisonment.
However, there is a loophole in this law. The Indian judiciary classified games as a game of chance and game of skill. While certain casino games are more or less based on chance, some required skill and games that require skill are allowed in India. For example, Rummy was ruled by the supreme court of India as a game based on skill rather than chance and therefore does not come under the umbrella of chance games such as Card games like flush or brag. However, it has been under speculation in different states over different periods of time, and therefore it is safe to say the situation is complicated.
However, as stated before, it is based on the decision of the state. Therefore the states of Sikkim and Goa currently allow the establishment of privately owned casinos. Sikkim has two casinos named Casino Sikkim and Casino Mahjong, whereas Goa has a total number of ten casinos; six of which are land-based casinos and four are “floating” casinos, i.e. they are literally floating on water. They operate on the river Mandovi, and they are namely Casino Deltin Jaqk, Casino Deltin Royale, Casino Pride and Casino Pride 2. The Deltin Group owns the first two, and the Pride Group owns the last two.
However, online gambling is strictly prohibited in the country, and a fine of 90000 rupees can be imposed on people caught gambling online. However, this did not deter Sikkim from trying to open three online casinos back in 2010. However, this attempt failed miserably. Sikkim, however, decided to conduct an online lottery, with 1the idea that it would help other states to legalize online betting. This lottery runs to date and is inclusive of all states in the country.
Even with all these restrictions, illegal online gambling is a very big business that goes on in India. The average revenue output of this is estimated to be around 60 billion USD. So it is high time that the government legalized gambling so that regulations can be imposed on gambling.